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Flight Mechanics 2 (Flight dynamics)



#50284 / #5

SoSe 2020 - WS 2021/22

Fakultät V

F 5

Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrt

35341400 FG Flugmechanik und Flugregelung

Silvestre, Flavio Jose

Loftfield, Kai

POS-Nummer PORD-Nummer Modultitel
62460 9217 Flight Mechanics 2 (Flight Dynamics)

Learning Outcomes

After successfully passing the module Flight Mechanics 2 the students have Knowledge: - flight mechanical coordinate systems, - coordinate transformations, - flight physical principles and laws of flight, - static and dynamic stability of aircraft, - controllability of aircraft, - linearized aerodynamics (derivatives of longitudinal and lateral movement). Skills: - description of aircraft movement in space with mathematical equations (flight simulation), - static stability and controllability analysis, - trim calculations, - simulation (programming) of linear and non-linear equations of motion, - linearizing nonlinear equations of motion. Competencies: - critical evaluation of static and dynamic stability of aircraft, - linearization of the aircraft movement around equilibrium states.


In the module Flight Mechanics 2 the motion of the rigid aircraft in the atmosphere is described. The equations of motion in 6 degrees of freedom are set up in the body-fixed coordinate system. It is explained how aerodynamic as well as the forces and moments generated by the engine are mathematically represented for flight mechanics investigations. The equations of motion are seperated into longitudinal and lateral motion. Stationary (trimmed) and dynamic flight states are explained, as well as questions of static stability. The reactions of the aircraft to control and disturbance inputs are calculated and discussed. Contents of lecture and exercise: - coordinate systems (3D), forces and moments, - coordinate transformations and kinematic relations, - the equations of motion (6 degrees of freedom), - physical principles of the aerodynamic moments acting on the aircraft, - linearized aerodynamics (derivatives of longitudinal and lateral motion), - states of equilibrium, - trim calculations, - controllability, - stationary longitudinal movement and lateral motion, - linearization of the nonlinear equations of motion, - dynamic control and disturbance behaviour in the time domain (simulation), - static and dynamic stability.

Module Components


All Courses are mandatory.

Course Name Type Number Cycle Language SWS VZ
Flight Mechanics 2 (Flight dynamics) VL 3534 L 527 SS English 2
Flight Mechanics 2 (Flight dynamics) UE 287 SS English 2

Workload and Credit Points

Flight Mechanics 2 (Flight dynamics) (VL):

Workload description Multiplier Hours Total
Pre/postprocessing 15.0 4.0h 60.0h
Time of presence 15.0 2.0h 30.0h
90.0h(~3 LP)

Flight Mechanics 2 (Flight dynamics) (UE):

Workload description Multiplier Hours Total
Pre/postprocessing 15.0 4.0h 60.0h
Time of presence 15.0 2.0h 30.0h
90.0h(~3 LP)
The Workload of the module sums up to 180.0 Hours. Therefore the module contains 6 Credits.

Description of Teaching and Learning Methods

The module consists of lectures and exercises. Lecture: In the lecture the theoretical basics are taught. Exercise: In the exercises concrete tasks are worked on with all students, whereby the students try to find solutions. The teacher calculates the tasks with all students together. The simulator experiments take place in small groups. For independent work the students receive about one homework assignment per week, which is worked on individually.

Requirements for participation and examination

Desirable prerequisites for participation in the courses:

(a) mandatory: - Mechanics (kinematics and dynamics), - Mathematics (linear algebra, linear differential equations), - Flight mechanics 1 (flight performance) (b) desirable: - Aerodynamics - Aircraft design - Aero engines

Mandatory requirements for the module test application:

No information

Module completion



Type of exam

Portfolio examination

Type of portfolio examination

100 points in total



Test elements

Name Points Categorie Duration/Extent
About 10 homework assignments 30 practical 1 Week / homework assignment
Final test 70 written < 90 minutes processing time

Grading scale

Test description (Module completion)

The portfolio examination consists of weekly homeworks and a final test.

Duration of the Module

The following number of semesters is estimated for taking and completing the module:
1 Semester.

This module may be commenced in the following semesters:

Maximum Number of Participants

The maximum capacity of students is 100.

Registration Procedures

Registration for the course: - during the first lecture or exercise Registration for the exam: - for recognition as examination-equivalent academic achievement at the examination office. - before the submission of the first homework assignment.

Recommended reading, Lecture notes

Lecture notes

Availability:  unavailable

Electronical lecture notes

Availability:  unavailable


Recommended literature
Brockhaus: Flugregelung
Etkin: Dynamics of Flight
Luckner: Skript Flugmechanik 2 (Flugdynamik)
Nelson: Flight Stability and Automatic Control
Stevens, Lewis, Johnson: Aircraft Control and Simulation: Dynamics, Controls Design, and Autonomous Systems

Assigned Degree Programs

This moduleversion is used in the following modulelists:

Students of other degrees can participate in this module without capacity testing.

Suitable courses of study: - Bachelor of Transportation (Field of Study: Aerospace, Automotive Engineering) - Master Aerospace Engineering - Physical engineering sciences Suitable fields of study: - Aeronautical Engineering - Space Technology Basis for: - Flight mechanics 3 (handling qualities) - Flight control - Experimental flight mechanics Helpful for: - Aeroelasticity, - Aviation engines, - Aircraft design, - Practice of flight guidance, - Flight simulation technology.


No information